Stress-Strain Relationship for Nanosilica-Incorporated Lightweight Aggregate Concrete under Compressive Monotonic and Cyclic Loading

Document Type : Research Article


1 Kordistan University

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Engineering Faculty, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran



Compared with normal-weight concrete, lightweight aggregate concrete (LWAC) has a lower compressive strength. However, its plus points, including preferable fire resistance, appropriate durability, and dead-load decline lead to the LWAC’s application in the construction industry. A practical method to overcome its drawback could be adding nanosilica (NS) to the mixes. For this purpose, the current experimental work aimed at researching so as to explore the compressive response of LWAC containing different dosages of nanosilica. Therefore, cylindrical specimens of size 150 × 300 mm improved by nanosilica were subjected to compressive cyclic and monotonic loading; six dosages of NS, including 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 weight percent of cement were added to mixes as cement replacement. Experimental stress-strain curves were investigated to determine the stress-strain relationships. The results show that the addition of up to 3 wt % nanosilica improves the properties of LWAC, as it was found to enhance compressive strength and modulus of elasticity during monotonic loading, shift up the common point coordinate, and reduce the stiffness degradation of the reloading paths in cyclic loading. However, larger dosages of nanosilica (4% and 5%) were found to have diminishing returns, considering the improved properties of LWAC. Furthermore, stress-strain models for the nanosilica-incorporated LWAC were proposed in compression. The experimental findings were also compared with the proposed model. There was an acceptable concurrence between proposed model data and experimental findings.


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