Evaluating the Effect of Liquid Antistrip Additives on Moisture Sensitivity of Glassphalt

Document Type : Research Article


Department of Civil Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran.


With the rapid economic growth and continuously increased consumption, a large number of waste materials are generated. Waste materials reusing will reduce the demand for the natural resources of the raw materials, and it will reduce the spaces used as landfills. Among these wastes is glass, which is widely used in our daily life. The major problem with the use of glass in asphalt mixes has been the incompatibility of glass and asphalt binder at their interface particularly in the presence of moisture. The objective of this research is to promote the strength of glassphalt against moisture damage with liquid anti-strip additives (LAA) based on the properties that affect the adhesion between the aggregate-asphalt binder and the cohesion strength of the asphalt binder. Surface free energy (SFE) and laboratory testing in different freeze-thaw cycles were used to evaluate the effect of LAA on the moisture susceptibility of glassphalt. The fine part of natural aggregate (NA) was replaced by CG at rates of 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20%. The results showed that, for mixtures containing crushed glass (CG), the tensile strength ratio (TSR) is lower than those of the control mix, and they decreased when the CG increased in the mix. The use of LAA caused the TSR of glassphalt to increase up to 80%. Also, the results of the SFE method showed that adding LAA causes the total SFE of the asphalt binder to increase, which results in a decrease in stripping between the glass aggregate and asphalt binder in the presence of water.


Main Subjects

  1. N. Dalloul, Study of the Effect of Crushed Waste Glass as Coarse Sand and Filler in the Asphalt Binder Course, 2013.
  2. Arnold, S. Werkmeister, D. Alabaster, The Effect of Adding Recycled Glass on the Performance of Basecourse Aggregate, 2008.
  3. H. Jony, M.F. Al-Rubaie, I.Y. Jahad, The Effect of Using Glass Powder Filler on Hot Asphalt Concrete Mixtures Properties.
  4. Wartman, D.G. Grubb, A. Nasim, Select engineering characteristics of crushed glass, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 16(6) (2004) 526-539.
  5. S. Kandhal, Waste Materials in Hot Mix Asphalt: An Overview, National Center for Asphalt Technology, 1992.
  6. Finkle, K. Ksaibati, Recycled glass utilization in highway construction, 2007.
  7. Arabani, Effect of glass cullet on the improvement of the dynamic behavior of asphalt concrete, Construction and Building Materials, 25(3) (2011) 1181-1185.
  8. Arabani, N. Kamboozia, The linear viscoelastic behavior of glassphalt mixture under dynamic loading conditions, Construction and Building Materials, 41 (2013) 594-601.
  9. Wu, W. Yang, Y. Xue, Preparation and properties of glass–asphalt concrete, Wuhan (China): Key Laboratory for Silicate Materials Science and Engineering of Ministry of Education, Wuhan University of Technology, (2004).
  10. Maupin, Effect of glass concentration on stripping of glassphalt, Virginia Transportation Research Council, 1998.
  11. Taghipoor, A. Tahami, M. Forsat, Numerical and laboratory investigation of fatigue prediction models of asphalt containing glass wastes, International Journal of Fatigue, 140 (2020) 105819.
  12. Jo, J. Lee, W. Kim, K.W. Kim, S. Kim, Characteristics of warm mix asphalt mixtures containing reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) by content of waste glass aggregate (WGA), (2020).
  13. Eisa, M. Basiouny, M. Daloob, Effect of adding glass fiber on the properties of asphalt mix, International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 14(4) (2021) 403-409.
  14. H. Hamedi, N. Esmaeili, Investigating of the Effects of Nano-materials on the Moisture Susceptibility of Asphalt Mixtures Containing Glass Cullets, AUT Journal of Civil Engineering, 3(1) (2019) 107-118.
  15. Saedi, H. Shirmohammadi, G.H. Hamedi, Y. Azarion, Comparison of the effect of using mineral nanomaterials on the performance of HMA and glassphalt against the moisture damage.
  16. Xue, H. Hou, S. Zhu, J. Zha, Utilization of municipal solid waste incineration ash in stone mastic asphalt mixture: pavement performance and environmental impact, Construction and Building Materials, 23(2) (2009) 989-996.
  17. Huang, G. Li, L.N. Mohammad, Analytical modeling and experimental study of tensile strength of asphalt concrete composite at low temperatures, Composites Part B: Engineering, 34(8) (2003) 705-714.
  18. Aksoy, K. ┼×amlioglu, S. Tayfur, H. Özen, Effects of various additives on the moisture damage sensitivity of asphalt mixtures, Construction and building materials, 19(1) (2005) 11-18.
  19. W. Hefer, Adhesion in bitumen-aggregate systems and quantification of the effects of water on the adhesive bond, Texas A&M University, 2004.
  20. J. Van Oss, M.K. Chaudhury, R.J. Good, Interfacial Lifshitz-van der Waals and polar interactions in macroscopic systems, Chemical Reviews, 88(6) (1988) 927-941.
  21. R. Jones IV, T.W. Kennedy, The asphalt model: results of the SHRP asphalt research program, Transportation Research Board VTI Rapport A, 372 (1991) 83-90.
  22. Tarrer, V. Wagh, The effect of the physical and chemical characteristics of the aggregate on bonding, Strategic Highway Research Program, National Research Council Washington, DC, 1991.