Theoretical and Experimental Study on Steel Plate Shear Wall with Unequal Columns

Document Type : Research Article

Authors

1 Civil Engineering Department, K.N.Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Sabouri-Ghomi

10.22060/ajce.2017.12425.5213

Abstract

Steel plate shear walls with openings are highly interested because of their architectural aspects. A particular type of these systems is the steel plate shear wall with a door-shaped opening; the opening is continued from the base to top beam and surrounded by vertical boundary elements relatively weaker to main columns. Assuming the pure shear behavior for this system, each of the side panels can be considered a steel plate shear wall with unequal VBEs (vertical boundary elements). Behavior of this type of steel shear walls cannot be predicted by the common relations of steel shear walls; therefore, it has not been covered in technical literature until now. In this study, the behavior of steel plate shear wall with one strong and one weak column is theoretically and experimentally investigated. Theoretical relations to define the load-displacement curve and the inclination angle of tension field are proposed. An experimental model of a steel shear wall with unequal columns is fabricated and tested under cyclic quasi-static loading. Results of the experimental tests including load-displacement curve, plastic hinges location and inclination angle of tension field are compared with theoretical results.

Keywords


[1] P. Timler, C.E. Ventura, H. Prion, R. Anjam, Experimental and analytical studies of steel plate shear walls as applied to the design of tall buildings, The Structural Design of Tall Buildings, 7(3) (1998) 233-249.
[2] H. Valizadeh, M. Sheidaii, H. Showkati, Experimental investigation on cyclic behavior of perforated steel plate shear walls, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 70 (2012) 308-316.
[3] S. Sabouri-Ghomi, S. Mamazizi, Experimental investigation on stiffened steel plate shear walls with two rectangular openings, Thin-Walled Structures, 86 (2015) 56-66.
[4] H. Wagner, Flat sheet metal girders with very thin metal webs, Part I -General theories and assumption., NACA Tech. Memo, (1931).
[5] K. Basler, Strength of Plate Girders in Shear, Journal of the Structural Division, 87(7) (1961) 151-180.
[6] D.M. Porter, K.C. Rockey, H.R. Evans, The collapse behavior of plate girders loaded in shear, The Structural Engineer, 53(8) (1975) 314-325.
[7] Y. Takahashi, T. Takeda, Y. Takemoto, M. Takagai, Experimental study on thin steel shear walls and particular steel bracing under alternating horizontal loading, in: Proceedings of the IABSE symposium, resistance and ultimate deformability of structures acted on by well-defined repeated loads, Lisbon, Portugal, 1973, pp. 185–191.
[8] L.J. Thorburn, G.L. Kulak, C.J. Montgomery, Analysis and design of steel shear wall system, No. 107, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Univ. of Alberta, Alberta, Canada, 1983.
[9] P.A. Timler, G.L. Kulak, Experimental study of steel plate shear walls, No. 114, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Univ. of Alberta, Alberta, Canada, 1983.
[10] T.M. Roberts, S.S. Ghomi, Hysteretic characteristics of unstiffened plate shear panels, Thin-Walled Structures, 12(2) (1991) 145-162.
[11] S.-G. S., Lateral Load Resisting An Introduction To Steel Plate Shear Walls, Anghizeh Publishing Co., Tehran, Iran, 2002.
[12] S. Sabouri-Ghomi, C.E. Ventura, M.H. Kharrazi, Shear Analysis and Design of Ductile Steel Plate Walls, Journal of Structural Engineering, 131(6) (2005) 878-889.
[13] T.M. Roberts, S. Sabouri-Ghomi, Hysteretic characteristics of unstiffened perforated steel plate shear panels, Thin-Walled Structures, 14(2) (1992) 139-151.
[14] J. Berman, M. Bruneau, Plastic Analysis and Design of Steel Plate Shear Walls, Journal of Structural Engineering, 129(11) (2003) 1448-1456.
[15] D. Vian, M. Bruneau, Testing of special LYS steel plate shear walls, in: Proceedings of the 13th world conference on earthquake engineering, Vancouver, Canada, 2004.
[16] J. Kee Paik, Ultimate strength of perforated steel plates under combined biaxial compression and edge shear loads, Thin-Walled Structures, 46(2) (2008) 207-213.
[17] R. Purba, M. Bruneau, Finite-Element Investigation and Design Recommendations for Perforated Steel Plate Shear Walls, Journal of Structural Engineering, 135(11) (2009) 1367-1376.
[18] I.-R. Choi, H.-G. Park, Steel Plate Shear Walls with Various Infill Plate Designs, Journal of Structural Engineering, 135(7) (2009) 785-796.
[19] S. Sabouri-Ghomi, S.R.A. Sajjadi, Experimental and theoretical studies of steel shear walls with and without stiffeners, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 75 (2012) 152-159.
[20] S.R.A. Sajjadi, Behavior of steel plate shear walls opening, PhD dissertation, KNT Univ. of Technology, Tehran, Iran, 2009.
[21] S.A.A. Hosseinzadeh, M. Tehranizadeh, Introduction of stiffened large rectangular openings in steel plate shear walls, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 77 (2012) 180-192.
[22] R. Purba, M. Bruneau, Experimental investigation of steel plate shear walls with in-span plastification along horizontal boundary elements, Engineering Structures, 97 (2015) 68-79.
[23] M. Wang, W. Yang, Y. Shi, J. Xu, Seismic behaviors of steel plate shear wall structures with construction details and materials, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 107 (2015) 194-210.
[24] M. Kurata, R.T. Leon, R. DesRoches, M. Nakashima, Steel plate shear wall with tension-bracing for seismic rehabilitation of steel frames, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 71 (2012) 92-103.
[25] M. Smith, ABAQUS/Standard User’s Manual, Version 6.14, Simulia, Providence, RI, 2014.
[26] ASTM, ASTM A370 - 05, Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products, in, 2005.
[27] ATC-24, Guidelines for cyclic seismic testing of components of steel structures, in, Applied Technology Council, Redwood City, CA, 1992.